A heatwave is sweeping across parts of southern Europe and north-west Africa, with potential record-breaking temperatures in the coming days.
Temperatures are expected to surpass 40C (104F) in parts of Spain, France, Greece, Croatia and Turkey.
In Italy, temperatures could reach as high as 48.8C (119.8F). A red alert warning has been issued for 10 cities, including Florence and Rome.
On Tuesday, a man in his forties died after collapsing in northern Italy.
Italian media reported that the 44-year-old worker was painting zebra crossing lines in the town of Lodi, near Milan, before he collapsed from the heat. He was taken to hospital where he later died.
“We are facing an unbearable heatwave,” Italian politician Nicola Fratoianni tweeted.
“Maybe it’s the case that in the hottest hours all the useful precautions are taken to avoid tragedies like the one that happened today in Lodi.”
Several tourists in the country have already collapsed due to heat stroke, including a British man outside the Colosseum in Rome.
Why this summer has been so hot
The Cerberus heatwave – named by the Italian Meteorological Society after the three-headed monster that features in Dante’s inferno – is expected to bring extreme conditions in the next few days.
The Met Office says temperatures will peak on Friday, and BBC Weather says large swathes of southern Europe could see temperatures in the low to mid 40s – and possibly higher.
The heat is likely to continue into the weekend, and in Prague, the Czech capital, temperatures could reach as high as 36C (96.8F) on Saturday, according to BBC Weather – well up from averages of 24C (75.2F) in July.
Europe’s hottest ever temperature of 48.8C (119.8F) was recorded near Syracuse on the Italian island of Sicily in August 2021.
More than 60,000 people died in Europe as a result of the heat last year. The fear is that this heatwave could cause many more deaths this summer.
A heatwave is a period of hot weather where temperatures are higher than is expected for the time of year.
Experts say periods of exceptionally hot weather are becoming more frequent and climate change means it is now normal to experience record-breaking temperatures.
The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather forecasts said that globally, this June was the hottest on record.
In order to deal with the extreme weather of scorching heat, we need sun protection measures.
Sports Sun Care
Sports sun protection refers to the measures taken to protect the skin from the sun’s radiation damage during outdoor sports activities. During exercise, the skin is exposed to the sun for an extended period of time, so effective sun protection is essential to prevent sunburn and skin damage.
Here are some common sports sun protection measures:
Use sunscreen: Choose sunscreens with a high SPF (sun protection factor) and make sure they provide broad-spectrum UV protection, including UVA and UVB. Apply plenty of sunscreen before exercising, including the face, neck, arms, legs, and other areas exposed to the sun. After prolonged exercise or sweating, sunscreen needs to be reapplied.
Wear sun-protective clothing: Choose tightly woven clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and wide-brimmed hats, to block UV rays from penetrating. Some specially designed sports clothing also has sun protection for extra UV protection.
Wear a sun hat or visor: Choose a hat with a wide brim to shade areas of the head and face from direct sunlight. This helps protect the skin around the scalp, ears, neck and eyes.
Wear sunglasses: Choose sunglasses that block 100% of UV rays to protect your eyes from UV damage.
Avoid peak hours: Try to avoid exercising outdoors during the midday hours when the sun is strongest. Choose to do activities during the morning or evening hours, when the sun’s radiation is less.
Find a shady place: Try to find a shady place during exercise, such as under the shade of a tree or indoor sports venues, to reduce the time of direct sunlight.
In addition to the above sun protection measures, regular hydration, avoiding excessive sun exposure and thermal overload, and paying attention to skin health should also be added. Sports sun protection is very important to protect skin health and prevent problems caused by sun exposure.
After Sun Care Products
After sun care products are specifically designed to soothe, hydrate, and repair the skin after sun exposure. They help alleviate the discomfort, redness, and dryness that can occur due to prolonged sun exposure. Here are some common types of after sun care products:
Aloe vera gel: Aloe vera is known for its soothing and cooling properties. Aloe vera gel can help calm and hydrate the skin, providing relief from sunburn and promoting healing.
Moisturizers: After sun moisturizers help replenish lost moisture and prevent dryness caused by sun exposure. They often contain hydrating ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, glycerin, or natural oils to nourish and hydrate the skin.
After sun lotions or creams: These products are specifically formulated to provide relief and nourishment to sun-exposed skin. They often contain ingredients like vitamins, antioxidants, and plant extracts to soothe, repair, and protect the skin.
After sun sprays: After sun sprays offer a lightweight and refreshing option for post-sun care. They are usually enriched with soothing and cooling ingredients to provide instant relief and hydration to the skin.
After sun masks: After sun masks are sheet masks or gel masks that are designed to provide intense hydration and soothing effects to sun-damaged skin. They are typically infused with hydrating and calming ingredients to promote skin recovery.
Lip balms or lip treatments: Sun exposure can also cause dry and chapped lips. After sun lip balms or treatments help hydrate and nourish the lips, keeping them soft and moisturized.
When using after sun care products, it’s essential to follow the instructions provided and apply them generously to the affected areas. They can be used immediately after sun exposure or as needed to soothe and hydrate the skin. Remember, after sun care products are not a substitute for sunscreen but are meant to provide additional care and support for sun-exposed skin.
Sun Protection Mask
A sun visor is a protective device that covers the face and is designed to provide additional sun protection and shade. They effectively block the sun’s rays on the face, reduce UV exposure, and help reduce the risk of sunburn and sun-induced skin problems. Here are some common types of sunscreen masks:
Visor with visor: This visor is usually a visor with a chin visor and face covering visor. They provide broad face and neck sun protection and block direct sunlight on the eyes and face.
Face shawl: This is a thin, lightweight face covering, usually made of sun protection material, such as fabric with a high UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor). They can cover the entire face, including the nose, mouth and neck, providing complete sun protection.
Neck shawl: This shawl is similar to a face shawl, but focuses on the sun protection of the neck. They cover the neck and upper chest to help prevent sunburn in the neck and chest area.
Neck Hood: A neck hood is a hat with a neck covering visor designed to protect the neck from direct sunlight. They usually have an adjustable neck protection section to suit individual needs.
Combination face and neck shawl: This type of sun protection is a combination of face and neck protection and usually consists of a combination face and neck shawl. They provide full face and neck sun protection and are suitable for prolonged outdoor activities.
Sun protection masks can be selected in different types and designs according to individual needs. Regardless of the type of sun protection mask used, care should be taken with proper use and maintenance to ensure comfort and effective sun protection. In addition, sun protection masks are only part of the sun protection measures, and it is still recommended to combine other sun protection measures, such as sunscreen, sun-shading clothing and time out of direct sunlight, to maximize the protection of the skin from UV damage.