Scientists are underestimating climate risks to agriculture and global food production, new research suggests. Blind spots in climate models mean “high-impact but highly uncertain hazards” are ignored. But now that the threat of “synchronized harvest failure” has been exposed, we cannot ignore the prospect of global famine.
Climate change models in North America and Europe have previously suggested that global warming will increase crop yields in the short term. These regional increases are expected to buffer losses in other parts of the global food supply.
But new evidence suggests that climate-related changes in fast-moving winds (jet streams) in the upper atmosphere could trigger extreme weather events in multiple locations simultaneously, with serious implications for global food security.
Building resilience to shocks
Unfortunately, the global food system is not resilient to shocks at the moment. Only a few countries such as Australia, the US, Canada, Russia and those in the European Union produce large food surpluses for international trade. Many other countries are dependent on imports for food security.
So, if production declines rapidly and simultaneously across big exporting countries, supply will decrease and prices will increase. Many more people will struggle to afford food.
The prospect of such synchronised harvest failures across major crop-producing regions emerges during northern hemisphere summers featuring “meandering” jet streams. When the path of these fast flowing winds in the upper atmosphere shifts in a certain way, the likelihood of extreme events such as droughts or floods increases.
The researchers studied five key crop regions that account for a large part of global maize and wheat production. They compared historical events and weather to modelling. Yield losses were mostly underestimated in standard climate models, exposing “high-impact blind spots”.
Natural disasters are unavoidable. In order to minimize losses, the following products can be used to improve crop production efficiency.
Mixed fertilizer, also known as compound fertilizer, is a type of fertilizer that contains two or more essential nutrients for plant growth. It is created by blending different types of fertilizers or by combining individual nutrient sources into a single product.
Mixed fertilizers typically include nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), which are the primary macronutrients required by plants. These nutrients are essential for various aspects of plant growth and development, such as leaf formation, root development, flowering, and fruit production.
In addition to the primary macronutrients, mixed fertilizers may also contain secondary macronutrients (calcium, magnesium, and sulfur) and micronutrients (iron, manganese, zinc, copper, boron, and molybdenum) depending on the specific needs of the plants being cultivated and the soil conditions.
The advantage of using mixed fertilizers is that they provide a balanced and comprehensive nutrient supply to plants. This helps ensure that all necessary nutrients are available in appropriate proportions, supporting optimal plant growth and maximizing crop yields. Mixed fertilizers are commonly used in agriculture, horticulture, and gardening, and they are available in various formulations, including granules, powders, liquids, or soluble forms for different application methods and crop requirements.
Agriculture enzymes, also known as agricultural enzymes or agroenzymes, are specialized enzymes used in agricultural practices to enhance various biological processes and improve crop production. These enzymes are derived from natural sources, such as plants, animals, or microorganisms, and they play a crucial role in facilitating specific biochemical reactions in plants or in the soil.
There are several types of agriculture enzymes with different functions and applications:
Plant Growth Promoting Enzymes: These enzymes stimulate plant growth and development by promoting nutrient uptake, enhancing root development, and improving plant vigor. They can also enhance the availability and utilization of nutrients in the soil.
Soil Enzymes: Soil enzymes play a vital role in nutrient cycling and decomposition of organic matter in the soil. They help break down complex organic compounds into simpler forms that can be readily absorbed by plants. Examples include cellulases, amylases, proteases, and lipases.
Crop Protection Enzymes: Some enzymes have antimicrobial or insecticidal properties and can be used for crop protection. They help control diseases, pests, and pathogens by targeting specific biochemical processes in these organisms.
Biofertilizer Enzymes: Enzymes can be used in biofertilizers to improve nutrient availability and promote soil fertility. They enhance the decomposition of organic matter, release nutrients from organic compounds, and convert them into plant-available forms.
Enzyme Formulations: Enzyme formulations are developed by combining specific enzymes with compatible additives to improve stability, shelf life, and effectiveness. These formulations can be applied directly to plants, seeds, or soil to achieve desired outcomes.
The use of agriculture enzymes can provide several benefits, including improved nutrient availability, enhanced soil health, increased crop productivity, and reduced reliance on synthetic chemicals. However, it is important to consider factors such as enzyme compatibility, application methods, and environmental conditions when incorporating agriculture enzymes into farming practices.
Nitro Compound Fertilizer
Nitro compound fertilizer, also known as nitrogen compound fertilizer, is a type of fertilizer that contains nitrogen (N) as the primary nutrient. Nitrogen is an essential element for plant growth and is required in relatively large quantities compared to other nutrients.
Nitro compound fertilizers are formulated to provide a concentrated source of nitrogen to plants, promoting healthy vegetative growth, increased foliage development, and overall plant productivity. These fertilizers typically contain a combination of nitrogen compounds, such as ammonium nitrate, urea, ammonium sulfate, or calcium ammonium nitrate.
The advantage of using nitro compound fertilizers is that they provide a readily available and easily absorbed form of nitrogen to plants. Nitrogen plays a vital role in various plant processes, including photosynthesis, protein synthesis, enzyme activity, and chlorophyll production.
Farmers and growers often consider factors such as soil conditions, crop nutrient requirements, and local regulations when selecting and applying nitro compound fertilizers to ensure optimal plant nutrition and sustainable agricultural practices.